The state of parliamentary amendments data (Olivier Rozenberg)
The Parliament pays an important role in the drafting of the legislation: in 2010, between the Council of Ministers’ version and the final adopted version, the volume of legislation has doubled.
How to confirm the presence of the Parliament during the drafting of the law?
Three types of data and studies:
a) Quantitative studies aggregated with macro data on parliamentary procedure such as: the amendments successful rate, the parliamentary duration of the examination. These aggregated data neglect the content of the intervention of the Parliament on the bills.
b) Studies on the content of texts, discourse analysis studying parliamentary debates.
c) Case studies (eg: studies of law following the AZF disaster) – monographic studies
Our goal: draw a global perspective on the intervention of the Parliament in the legislative phase, while going also into the details of the text.
State of art:
- No real inflation of the number of laws … but size inflation.
- Rather stable masses around 10 000-20 000 amendments per year (during the 2005-2006 session, 137 665 amendments were tabled on the bill concerning the energy sector)
- The 2010 report of the National Assembly lists a total of 23 776 acceptable amendments, among which 2362 adopted, most belonging to the UMP group.
- Rate of adoption of amendments: Government 89%, Commission 80%, Member (except 2006/2007) 5.5%
Initial assessment of the 2008 constitutional reform:
- The obstruction is very limited. Less tabled amendments: in 2010-2011, 2 times less due to the temps législatif programmé
- But more amendments accepted in 2010, between the version of the Council of Ministers and the final adopted version, the volume of legislation has doubled. The influence passes by the drafts rather than by the proposals.
- The strengthening of the committees: greater attendance of MPs, more debates
- No increase of law proposals
- Questioning, including on the accessibility of what happens in Parliament